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Women’s Pedicure: Types, Features, Pros and Cons


Pedicures have already become a familiar beauty ritual and a natural part of many ladies’ beauty routine. Regular nail and skin care helps to keep them beautiful and healthy. Let’s find out what types of pedicures exist and how to choose the right one for you.

Pedicure Types: What are the Differences?

Beauty salons offer more than ten pedicure services for women. Their main difference lies in the treatment method. There are three such methods: with manual tools, with electric tools, and with special formulas. The rest are their variations and combinations.

All methods include the following steps:

  • cleaning;
  • treating the skin;
  • treating the toenails;
  • applying nail polish;
  • moisturizing.

Some pedicure types can include additional steps.

Important! All materials should be either single-use or sterile. Sterilized tools are stored in paper packages or sterile boxes and unpacked in front of a client. The first and obligatory step is disinfection of the feet.

Red toenail designs

Classic Pedicure

Classic, or basic pedicures use manual cutting tools: nail scissors, clippers, a scalpel, or a machine tool.

Here’s what classic pedicures include:

  1. Removing nail polish.
  2. Trimming and filing the nails.
  3. Soaking the feet in a bowl with softening products.
  4. Scrubbing the feet with a foot file or a pumice stone.
  5. Removing calluses with a scalpel or special forceps.
  6. Pushing back the cuticles with an orange stick.
  7. Trimming the cuticles with scissors or clippers.
  8. Removing pterygium with a nail spatula.
  9. Applying nail polish.
  10. Moisturizing the cuticles with oil and the feet with cream.

This is a classic technology that served as a base for developing other pedicure types.


  • cheap;
  • easy to do at home.


  • time-consuming;
  • can be painful;
  • risk of an injury and infection;
  • areas of cut skin grow coarse

Pink French pedicure designs

European Pedicure

A European pedicure does not include soaking feet in a bowl and using sharp instruments. How then does a nail technician treat coarse skin and cuticles? Let’s see.

There are two key differences:

  • A wipe soaked in keratolytic is held to areas of coarse skin and calluses to soften them and then removed with files of various coarseness.
  • The cuticles are soaked in remover for five-ten minutes, after which they are carefully pushed back with an orange stick.

Finally, if the client wants, a nail technician applies a nail polish coating and moisturizes the cuticles and skin.


  • a rather gentle procedure;
  • painless;
  • no risk of an injury or infection;
  • approved for children.


  • possible allergic reaction to keratolytic;
  • this procedure is effective for well-groomed feet without very coarse areas and calluses;
  • tangible results are visible after an entire cycle of procedures.

Silver toenail designs

Russian Pedicure

Instead of treating the feet with softening products, a nail technician uses an electric file with various replaceable parts.

During the procedure, a nail technician:

  1. applies softening products and gives them time to sink in.
  2. gently removes coarse skin with an electric tool.
  3. buffs nail plates with a not-too-coarse file.

In this pedicure, it’s important to go to an experienced specialist who will be able to choose the right tool for your nails, feet, toes, and coarse skin.


  • thorough treatment;
  • no risk of an injury or infection;
  • painless;
  • relatively quick;
  • includes treatment of hard-to-reach areas between fingers and nail folds;
  • lasts for up to six months;
  • suits diabetic feet.


  • expensive;
  • should be done by a very skilled professional.

By the way, a Russian pedicure is a perfect type for men. It easily helps to remove very coarse areas and address other issues with feet. For a deeper treatment of more serious issues, you can choose a medical pedicure that also uses electronic devices.

White toenail designs

Medical Pedicure

This service is provided by a podiatrist.

Here’s what problems medical pedicures can help to solve:

  • ingrown or deformed toenails;
  • cracked heels;
  • deep calluses;
  • complications of diabetic foot problems.

A medical pedicure can be included in a complex treatment of fungal infections. It’s done in medical centers and big beauty salons. A qualified specialist uses an electric device with replaceable parts and special medical products that are applied to the skin after mechanical treatment of the area.


  • combines aesthetic and medical treatment;
  • helps to prevent diseases;
  • can be done if there are contraindications for other pedicure types.


  • expensive;
  • should be done by a medical specialist.

Children's pedicure designs

Combined Pedicure

This type is considered the most difficult as it combines features of European and Russian pedicures. Feet are soaked like in classic pedicure and then a nail technician uses an electric device for feet and sharp tools for nails and the area around them.


  • individual approach: a nail technician assesses the state of your feet to pick fitting steps of the procedure, tools, and cosmetic products.
  • features the most effective steps from different methods;
  • thorough treatment of feet and toenails;
  • visible effect after the first procedure;
  • long-lasting effect up to two months.


  • can be painful;
  • risk of an injury or infection.

Toenail designs with polka dots

Acid Pedicure

Acid pedicures are done with solutions of fruit acids and urea that help to soften coarse skin. These are natural and safe products. It’s important that there are no cracks and injuries on the feet.

Here’s the procedure:

  1. After disinfection of the feet, a nail technician applies an acidic formula and wraps the feet for 15 minutes.
  2. Then they carefully remove coarse skin with a spatula.
  3. Wipe the feet with a cotton wipe.
  4. Apply moisturizing cream.

The nails and the area around them are treated with manual and electronic files.


  • natural components;
  • no risk of injuries;
  • visible effect in 1-2 sessions.


  • not allowed for clients with dermatitis, psoriasis, and skin damage;
  • can cause an allergic reaction in rare cases.

Marble toenail designs

Spa Pedicure

It’s done after a classic or Russian pedicure фтв includes a set of relaxing procedures: feet soak, peeling, scrub, wraps, and a massage. As a rule, spa pedicures use natural components: essential oils, sea salt, therapeutic muds, plant extracts, and thermal water.

Spa pedicures are divided into Brazilian, detox, and Japanese pedicures.

In Brazilian pedicures, a foot soak is substituted with socks with a nourishing formula and detox pedicures use crushed black coal.

In Japanese pedicure, a nail technician rubs in a strengthening paste or powder into nail plates and seals the nails with paraffin. The feet are treated with scrub and a pumice stone, and massaged with silk poaches with herbs.

This is the most pleasant and relaxing pedicure that is a common choice among women.


  • natural components;
  • pleasant and painless.


  • more expensive than standard pedicures;

takes about two hours.

Lavender toenail designs

Fish Pedicure

Fish pedicures are more of a pleasant entertainment than a full-blown beauty procedure. During it, the feet are submerged in an aquarium with garra rufa fish that nibble coarse skin. Their saliva includes an antiseptic component that can heal microcracks.


  • positive emotions.


  • does not provide comprehensive treatment on its own.

Toenail designs with kami fubuki

Express Pedicure

This type provides for the basic treatment of cuticles and focuses on nail care and design.


  • takes about 30 minutes;
  • cheap.


  • isn’t fitting for problematic feet.

Mirror toenail designs

How to Choose the Right Pedicure Type?

To choose the right pedicure type, you should know the characteristics of your skin and assess the state of your feet and toenails:

  • If you have a lot of coarse skin, choose a Russian pedicure.
  • Nail diseases and deformations call exclusively for medical pedicures.
  • Acid, European, and spa pedicures suit thin and sensitive skin.
  • If you are generally satisfied with the look of your feet, opt for an express pedicure.

If you have healthy feet and toenails and no contraindications, you can try all types of pedicures and decide which one you like the best. Check out beautiful women’s pedicure ideas and nail designs in the theYou gallery.

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